Adolfo Ceballos was born on June 19, 1927, in Lima, Peru. He played for Atlético Chalaco from 1951 to 1953. He then played for Mariscal Sucre in the 1954 and 1955 seasons.
After playing in Mexico for a few seasons for Deportivo Tampico he joined I.C.A. Italia in Toronto in 1959. In October 1959 he was signed by the Montreal Concordia club. The Montreal Gazette reported that he was a 25 year old right half back and that he was the first coloured professional soccer player in Montreal.
In April 1960 Adolfo was sold to Toronto Sparta. He was now reported as being 27 years old. He helped Sparta to a second place finish in the 1960 National Soccer League final league standings.
The Sparta club changed its name to Toronto Roma before the start of the 1961 National Soccer League season. The 5’9″ and 173 lbs half-back was one of the leading players when Roma won the 1961 NSL league championship.
After the 1961 season he moved to the United States. He returned to Canada in the summer of 1962 to play for Toronto Roma in the Eastern Canada Professional Soccer League. In June 1962 he moved from Toronto Roma to Buffalo White Eagles.
Adolfo played for several seasons in the American Soccer League with the New York Hakoah and Newark Portuguese clubs.